Montale, Eugenio

   One of the greatest 20th century poets, Eugenio Montale became the fifth Italian in that century to win the Nobel Prize in Literature. Montale established his reputation in 1925 when the antifascist publisher and political theorist Piero Gobetti printed his remarkable collection Ossi di seppia (Cuttlefish Bones). Along with Eliot’s Wasteland (which Montale translated into Italian), the poems in Ossi di seppia are perhaps the most poignant expression of the malaise experienced by the generation who had survived World War I. Spare in style, self-consciously rejecting the pompous, rhetorical forms popularized by Gabriele d’Annunzio, they also refused to make any concessions to the ardent, committed poetry prized by Fascism. Montale “discovered” Italo Svevo in a famous essay in 1925, and as one of the principal figures connected with the literary magazine Solaria, he played an important role in preserving independent Italian literature during the dictatorship. His relations with the regime were never easy, and in 1939 his refusal to swear allegiance to Benito Mussolini led to his losing his job at a Florentine literary foundation. In the same year, he published his second great collection of poems, Le occasioni (Occasions).
   After World War II, Montale worked as a cultural and music critic (his collected short essays and criticism were published in Italy in 1996) for Corriere della sera and produced a masterful collection of poems, Il Bufera e altri (The Storm and Others) in 1956. The death of his wife in 1963 inspired him to write a series of lyric poems that were later collected in Saturna (1971).
   Honors were showered on Montale in his last years. He became a life member of the Italian Senate in 1967 and, in 1975, became a Nobel laureate for literature. He died in Milan in September 1981.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

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  • Montale, Eugenio — born Oct. 12, 1896, Genoa, Italy died Sept. 12, 1981, Milan Italian poet, prose writer, editor, and translator. Montale began his literary activities after World War I, cofounding a journal, writing for other journals, and serving as a library… …   Universalium

  • Montale, Eugenio — ► (1896 1981) Poeta italiano. Al cumplir 70 años fue nombrado senador vitalicio por el presidente de la República italiana. Lírico metafísico que con Ungaretti y Quasimodo es el más alto representante de la poesía hermética. Obras: Huesos de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Montale,Eugenio — Mon·ta·le (mōn täʹlā, lĕ), Eugenio. 1896 1981. Italian poet whose works, which greatly influenced 20th century Italian literature, include Le Occasioni (1939) and Satura (1962). He won the 1975 Nobel Prize for literature. * * * …   Universalium

  • Montale, Eugenio — (Genova 1896 Milano 1981) poeta, protagonista assoluto del Novecento; traduttore e saggista; critico musicale; premio Nobel 1975. collab./opere: “Pegaso”, “Pan”, “Primo Tempo”, “L’Esame”, “Il Baretti”, “Convegno”, “Campo di Marte”, “La Lettura”,… …   Dizionario biografico elementare del Novecento letterario italiano

  • Montale — Montale, Eugenio …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Eugenio Montale — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Eugenio Montale. Eugenio Montale (Génova, 12 de octubre de 1896 – Milán, 12 de septiembre de 1981) fue un poeta, ensayista y crítico de música …   Wikipedia Español

  • Montale — Montale,   Eugenio, italienischer Lyriker, * Genua 12. 10. 1896, ✝ Mailand 12. 9. 1981; Journalist; 1929 38 Direktor der Bibliothek »Gabinetto letterario Vieusseux« in Florenz, 1948 67 Redakteur beim »Corriere della Sera«; ab 1967 Senator auf… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Montale — (izg. montȃle), Eugenio (1896 1981) DEFINICIJA talijanski pjesnik, prozni pisac, izdavač i prevoditelj; protivnik fašizma; u početku introvertiran i hermetičan, kasnije piše jednostavnijim i izravnijim jezikom, u pjesmama izrazio unutrašnju… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Montale — (Eugenio) (1896 1981) poète italien: Os de seiche (1925), les Occasions (1939), la Tempête (1956), Satura (1971). P. Nobel 1975 …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Eugenio Montale — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Montale. Eugenio Montale est un poète italien né à Gênes le 12 octobre 1896 et mort à Milan le 12 septembre 1981. Il a reçu le prix Nobel de littérature en 1975. Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français

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